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ABOUT THE DESTINATION NUSA LEMBONGAN ISLAND

GEOGRAPHY

Nusa Lembongan ( Nusa = Island ) is one of three neighboring islan doff Bali, approx 12 miles from south east bali and 20 miles from Lombok.  The other two (2) islands are Nusa Penida being the bigger and Nusa Ceningan being the smaller .

Nusa Lembongan is a pristine tropical island, its highest point is 50 meters above sea level. Nusa Lembongan ha san average rainfall of approximately 1000 mm per year. There is little temperature variation from 30 degrees Celsius and the only two seasons this island experiences is the wet and the dry. As it has only three months of rainfall, this island is dry for the remainder of the year. Little cultivation occurs, as almost 2/3 of the island is infertile. Seeding is normally done on the onset of the wet season and only corn,cassava and peanuts are farmed. Also found on the island are cashew nuts, mangoes and coconut. Fresh water is limited and most of the supply is derived from wells up to 60 meters deep.

Nusa Lembongan is located on the Wallace line. Sir Alfred Wallace, a historic naturalist who conducted extensive studies of this area determined the Wallace line. The Wallace line is still recognized as a biological division between Asia and Australia/Pacific. Many species of bird,anumal and flora indigenous to Australia are not found west of this line, as the flora and fauna on the west “Asian” side are not found to the east of this line. The ocean currents that funnel their way between these island are rich in macrobiotic life that support abundant coral and fish life in shallow waters surrounding these islands.

NUSA LEMBONGAN VILLAGE

Nusa Lembongan has a population of approx 5000 people living in two villages, Desa Lembongan and Desa Jungut Batu. There is no industry on Lembongan and electricity required for the villages is generated by diesel engines that were contributed by the government. These generators only operate in the evenings.  Lembongan village is 615 ha in area, consisting of 85% unproductive rocky land. The main income for the population is derived from seaweed farming. In 1997 the farms were recorded to cover up to 70 ha. They farm Euchema Cottomi a specied of ocean algae, by tying the sprouting algae shoots to farming plots with rope and wood stakes embedded in the seabed. It takes one month to grow to a size able to be harvested and then three days to sun dry. Normally during the harvest the new sprouts are returned to the bed to begin the new crop, additionally new sprouts may be collected from the seabed. The dried seaweed is kept in storehouses until it is taken to the mainland and sold for export to America, Denmark, Japan and Holland. Seaweed is used for medicines, food stabilizer, cosmetics and gelatin for ice cream.

Every family owns approx 3 -5 acres of seaweed farming “bed “. One acre may produce 150 – 200 kg of dried seaweed with each harvest. The price that the islanders are paid for the dried seaweed fluctuates depending on market demand. Mostly the villagers are Hindu, their ancestors were from the Klungkung Kingdom. Klungkung is on the east coast of Bali, which was the historic capital of Bali before colonization. Lembongan Village has six dusun or suburbs and within these Dusun are the Banjars or neighborhoods.  Generally every  banjar has a meeting hall called a Bale Banjar,” Bale” means “ Place “ and “Banjar “ means “many”. This is the place used the villagesrs to gather together to discuss matters. Every Banjar has a chief named “ KELIAN DINAS”. A Kelian Dinas is responsible fo village administration and to organize particular activities. Every Bale Banjar is equipped with a Kul Kul, a wooden “ Bell”. Normally rung to call people to gather for village business it is also used a san emergency signal. The purpose of the meeting can be determined by the number of times the “ bell” is struck.

For example :
Marital 3 times
Passed away 1 time
Fire continuesly
Gathering 9 times ( normally to discuss urgent issues )

Almost no crime occurs in this village, all peole live in peace and adhere to custom and religious values. On the unusual occurrence that somebody does break the law the punishment is often offered through the village as opposed to relying on police intervention.

LEGEND OF NUSA LEMBONGAN

In the year 1200, lived an old man called Dukuh Jumpungan, has was from mount Kila ( considered to be in the Klungkung regency ).This aged man owned a boat that had a magical power. Legend has it that whenever he sailed with his boat, everything  he encountered and struck with his boat became an ocean.

One day, Dukuh Jumpungan heard that there was a very sacrred mountain called Mount Tohlangkir. Dukuh Jumpungan was challenged by himself to prove the magical powers of this boat by hitting the sacred Mount tohlangkir. He longed to make Mount Tohlangkir disappear and become an ocean.

He sailed in a southeast direction from Padang Bay, and deliberately sailed his boat into Mount Tohlangkir. A dreadful collision occurred and the boat rebounded which is now called Nusa Ceningan and the place where his boat sank also became an island and is now called Nusa Lembongan.

 

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